Why Linux is better than windows for Servers?
A server is a computer (not necessarily located remotely) which serves resources (mostly webpages) to other computers that can access it, not necessarily through a network. Yep, I am back the only Linux author of PinProgram. Large Companies like Google, Facebook, Amazon use Linux for servers including worlds most powerful supercomputers. Here’s why Linux is better than windows for servers:
1. License not required (cost effective)
- If you have read our previous post, you may know that you don’t need a license or activation for most Linux operating systems (distros).
- Seamless use of open source software.
- You can install several open source software needed for running and maintaining your server, free of cost. Also, no restart required after every small software installation or upgrade.
2. Fewer resources required (computationally effective)
- Running web servers nowadays can be possible using just our personal computer, sometimes even our phone. Moreover, Linux is near God-like. It can be run on any device. There will be a Linux distro for every computer on the planet. And its memory and process management cannot be challenged. You can install just what you need avoiding the bloatware.
- Easier server upgrades and software modification.
- You can upgrade Linux servers easily and seamlessly. Software installation and modification is also near perfect and mostly don’t require restarts, hence little threat to downtime. You can seamlessly upgrade your desktop OS to a server.
3. Remote SSH terminal support (No graphical access needed to set up):
You don’t even require graphical access if you want to manage a Linux server. Almost everything needed can be done via terminal. You can securely connect to your Linux server remotely over SSH and it will have complete access over it. No monitor needed.
4. Full control over installed applications
You’ve got full control over your installed applications. You can change, delete, modify whatever you want. If it’s open source, you can even change it to an extent, it’ll be totally personalized for your server. You can change privileges for those software and securely manage access.
5. Low-security threats
Speaking of security, I haven’t seen any other OS which provides such an easy and effective security management where the administrator has complete access and can manage security for everything. Linux has security measures like the SELinux, the network firewalls (iptables), and the TCP wrappers. These provide reliable security management for servers. Again, Linux provides the privileges to manage everything to the server administrator. I mean, isn’t this what the administrator need?.
Also, its open source nature has allowed Linux to tackle vulnerabilities faster and better. The whole open source community works for making better technology.
6. Efficient Privilege management
Linux is a multi-user operating system. Hence it can have multiple users with various privilege levels. You can even create groups to which you can customize access. Access to individual users can also be managed.
7. Easier process management
Linux being open source and popular has excellent process management schemes. The useful process management tools and skills can be used to manage processes from within the terminal.
8. Building programs from source
You can build open source software if you don’t find binaries. Various tools like make, make, use minimal dependencies efficiently to build software for architecture specific OS. All this with just a couple of commands away.
9. Interaction with kernel possible
Linux provides good interaction of applications with the kernel, the core of the OS. Hence more flexibility and more possibilities can be achieved to manage the server. More customization can be possible.
10. Supports many architectures (Old and New)
Linux supports many architectures. Just for you to know, you can even use your android phone (armv7 or greater preferred) as a web server with some tweaks. No router needed, no public IP needed. But you’ve to research on that yourself. Write down in the comments section below if you want to try it out on your rooted phone. If your phone isn’t rooted, you’ll need a router or you can use it as a localhost server.
Linux gives the flexibility to run a server from a bootable USB drive. You can now run a web server on your USB drive too. Of course, you’ll need a PC with network access and the OS architecture should be compatible with your PC architecture. That’s why I say Linux is better than windows for servers